Scaling of thermal hysteretic behavior in a parametrically modulated cold atomic system

Wanhee Lee, Ji-Hyoun Kim, Jong Geun Hwang, Heung-Ryoul Noh, and Wonho Jhe

We observe the hysteresis of a spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) transition in a parametrically modulated magneto-optical trap by sweeping the total number of atoms and study thermal hysteretic behavior in the system by measuring the scaling exponent of hysteresis. It is shown that the relaxation time of the order parameter in the SSB transition becomes larger near the critical number. The scaling exponent of the hysteresis area with number sweeping rate is found to be 0.64±0.04  , which is consistent with the value in the mean-field model.